Other Sleep Disorders

The International Classification of Sleep Disorders lists over 80 sleep disorders of sleep and wakefulness that serve as a guide for diagnosis.  If you are looking for a brief description of the most common sleep disorders, see our list below.  For a detailed listing of the primary and secondary sleep disorders, go to the AASM's Sleep Education website at www.sleepeducation.com/Disorders.aspx

The most common sleep disorders and their short descriptions are provided in these links:

Sleep Apnea | Insomnia | Narcolepsy | Parasomnias | Sleep Walking | Norturnal Bruxism | Fibromyalgia | Hypersomnia | Cataplexy | Restless Leg Syndrome | Other Sleep Disorders

Some of the remaining more common sleep disorders are:

Advanced Sleep Phase Syndrome - sleeps and wakes too early; usually in aging adults

Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome - sleeps and wakes too late, usually in teens

Fibromyalgia - muscular pain affecting sleep, usually in women

Gastroesophageal Reflux - heartburn and regurgitation of stomach contents during sleep

Idiopathic Hypersomnia - extreme daytime sleepiness and extreme difficulty awakening from sleep and post-awakening confusion

Inadequate Sleep Hygiene - bad sleep habits that keep your sleep from being refreshing; see Sleep Hygiene

Jet Lag - disturbed sleep, decreased alertness and impaired daytime function due to time zone travel

Nightmares - frightening dreams that can be recalled

Nocturnal Enuresis - chronic bedwetting

Nocturnal Hyperphagia - eating while asleep

Panic Disorder - awakening with chest pain that brings on panic attacks

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder - limb movements while sleeping that disrupt sleep patterns

REM Behavior Disorder - acting out dreams with limb movements while asleep

Rhythmic Movement Disorder - repetitive, and sometime harmful, movements during sleep (headbanging, bodyrocking, headrolling, etc.)

Shiftwork Sleep Disorder - sleep problems occurring from change of sleep cycle

Sleep Hyperhidrosis - extreme sweating while asleep

Sleep Paralysis - inability to move upon awakening

Sleep Terrors - frightening dreams that can't be remembered

Somnambulism - walking/performing activities while asleep

Somniloquy - talking during sleep

A comprehensive list of sleep disorders includes:

DYSSOMNIAS
Intrinsic Sleep Disorders
Psychophysiologic Insomnia
Sleep State Misperception
Idiopathic Insomnia
Narcolepsy
Recurrent Hypersomnia
Idiopathic Hypersomnia
Posttraumatic Hypersomnia
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Central Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Central Alveolar Hypoventilation Syndrome
Periodic Limb Movement Disorder
Restless Legs Syndrome
Intrinsic Sleep Disorder NOS

Extrinsic Sleep Disorders
Inadequate Sleep Hygiene
Environmental Sleep Disorder
Altitude Insomnia
Adjustment Sleep Disorder
Insufficient Sleep Syndrome
Limit-setting Sleep Disorder
Sleep-onset Association Disorder
Food Allergy Insomnia
Nocturnal Eating (Drinking) Syndrome
Hypnotic-Dependent Sleep Disorder
Stimulant-Dependent Sleep Disorder
Alcohol-Dependent Sleep Disorder
Toxin-Induced Sleep Disorder
Extrinsic Sleep Disorder NOS

Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders
Time Zone Change (Jet Lag) Syndrome
Shift Work Sleep Disorder
Irregular SleepWake Pattern
Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome
Advanced Sleep Phase Syndrome
Non-Hour SleepWake Disorder
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder NOS

PARASOMNIAS
Arousal Disorders
Confusional Arousals
Sleepwalking
Sleep Terrors

SleepWake Transition Disorders
Rhythmic movement Disorder
Sleep Starts
Sleep Talking
Nocturnal Leg Cramps

Parasomnias Usually Associated with REM Sleep
Nightmares
Sleep Paralysis
Impaired Sleep-Related Penile Erections
Sleep-Related Painful Erections
REM Sleep-Related Sinus Arrest
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

Other Parasomnias
Sleep Bruxism
Sleep Enuresis
Sleep-Related Abnormal Swallowing Syndrome
Nocturnal Paroxysmal Dystonia
Sudden Unexplained Nocturnal Death Syndrome
Primary Snoring
Infant Sleep Apnea
Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Benign Neonatal Sleep Myoclonus
Other Parasomnia NOS

SLEEP DISORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH MENTAL,
NEUROLOGIC OR OTHER MEDICAL DISORDERS
Associated with Mental Disorders
Psychoses
Mood Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Panic Disorders
Alcoholism

Associated with Neurologic Disorders
Cerebral Degenerative Disorders
Dementia
Parkinsonism
Fatal Familial Insomnia
Sleep-Related Epilepsy
Electrical Status Epilepticus of Sleep
Sleep-Related Headaches

Associated with Other Medical Disorders
Sleeping Sickness
Nocturnal Cardiac Ischemia
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Sleep-Related Asthma
Sleep-Related Gastroesophageal Reflux
Peptic Ulcer Disease
Fibromyalgia

PROPOSED SLEEP DISORDERS
Short Sleeper
Long Sleeper
Subwakefulness Syndrome
Fragmentary Myoclonus
Sleep Hyperhidrosis
Menstrual-Associated Sleep Disorder
Pregnancy-Associated Sleep Disorder
Terrifying Hypnagogic Hallucinations
Sleep-Related Neurogenic Tachypnea
Sleep-Related Laryngospasm
Sleep Choking Syndrome